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Sphinx des Naxiens / Sphinx of the Naxians
SD 328

Offering of the People of Naxos,
the marble column supported a Sphinx, a female devil generally associated with death. It could be a guard of the tomb of Dionysos, or rather of the tomb of Python, the dragon who was in charge of the oracle at the time when Earth Godess Gaïa was ruling the sanctuary.
The entire monument, though it collapsed at the end of Antiquity, was recovered in rather good condition at the beginning of the Great excavations (1893).
The Sphinx, now exhibited in the Museum, is a good example of archaic sculpture, one of the oldest (580-570 BC) monumental statues found in Delphi.
Column shafts are lying around the foundation, next to the great "polygonal wall".


Plaster reconstruction of the Sphinx in the first museum of Delphi

Reconstruction drawing of the Sphinx by Albert Tournaire (1900)

Reconstruction drawing of the Sphinx by Youri Fomine (1953)

The rock on which was erected the column supporting the Sphinx

Reconstruction drawing of the Sphinx (left), together with the Temple of Apollo, the polygonal wall and the Athenian Stoa (Amandry, Fomine)

The Sphinx, exhibited in the archaeological Museum of Delphi

Drawing reconstruction of the Sphinx standing on an archaic ionic capital (Y. Fomine)

Computer drawing of the column in its actual surrounding

Archaic ionic capital of the Naxian column

Sketch drawing of architect Le Corbusier showing the Sphinx in its topographical context

Portrait of French archaeologist Paul Perdrizet, with the Sphinx in the background, by Victor Prouvé, 1906.

A marble copy of the upper part of the monument, realized with cutting robot, exhibited in font of Ausonius building, Montaigne University Campus, Bordeaux.

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